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Here are some facts about Venus: Venus

  • brighter as seen from Earth than any other planet or star
  • known as Earth's "twin" because of similar sizes
  • second closest to the sun and has no moons
  • orbit is nearly in a circular motion
  • distance from sun
    • closest point: 107,476,000 kilometers away from sun
    • farthest point: 108,942,000 kilometers away from sun
  • revolution takes about 225 Earth days
  • rotation takes 243 Earth days
  • temperatures
    • cloud average: 13oC
    • surface average: 465oC
  • mass: 0.815 times the mass of Earth or 4,868,500,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilograms
  • surface area: 0.902 times the surface area of Earth or 177,700,000 square miles
  • named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty
  • several spacecrafts had flown by Venus but have not been able to see through the thick cloud cover
    • Mariner 2 flew by
    • Venera 2 passed closer to "explore" Venus even more
    • Venera 3 crashed into the planet
  •  later with spacecrafts from the US doing fly-bys and spacecrafts from the Soviet Union landing, more facts about Venus were uncovered
    • Venera 4 droped instruments into the atmosphere by parachute
    • Mariner 5 pased closer to Venus than any other spacecraft
    • Venera 7 landed on Venus in 1970
    • Mariner 10 gave close-up images of the planet
    • Venera 9 landed on Venus and gave the first close-up pictures of the surface
    • Venera 10, three days later, began to analyze the surface and atmosphere after landing
  •  spacecrafts from the US finally began to land while the Soviet Union continues to take and up-close look at the surface
    • Pioneer Venus 1 began to orbit the planet in 1978 and sent back charts and maps
    • Pioneer Venus 2 began with the in-depth study of the atmosphere
    • Venera 12 and 11 continued with the study of the atmosphere by analyzing the lower atmosphere
    • Venera 13 and 14 took pictures of the surface and studied the soil
    • Venera 15 and 16 were sent in 1983 to map the northern region and finished by 1984
    • Magellan was sent into orbit to show detailed features

If would you like to see a picture of Maat Mons on Venus then Click Here.



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